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HOME > WATER FACTS

Facts about Water

Water is the most common compound found on the Earth. Here are a just a few random facts about water.

Water drop bullet point 80% of the Earth's surface is covered by water.
Water drop bullet point Of all the earth's water, 97 percent is salt water located in oceans and seas.
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99% of the World’s water cannot be used because it is either saline or is locked up in glaciers and ice sheets.

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Most of the remaining water is present in rocks as groundwater (approx. 0.6%), while just over 0.3% is present in rivers and lakes.

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Approximately 75% of our body is made up of water but when we are born this fugure is 97%.

Water drop bullet point Some parts of the body have more water - skin is 70% water. Our bones contain about 72% water, our kidneys about 82% and our blood is about 90% water.
Water drop bullet point Each of us need an intake of about 2 litres of water per day. This water may be taken as part of our food or drink.
Water drop bullet point The average person can live about a month without food, but less than seven days without water.
Water drop bullet point Seventy-five percent of a tree is water.
Water drop bullet point On average each of us uses about 150 litres of clean treated water per day.
Water drop bullet point The five Great Lakes bordering the USA and Canada contain about 20 percent of the world's available fresh water.
Water drop bullet point More than 39,000 gallons of water are used to manufacture a new car, including tyres.
Water drop bullet point Water is a main ingredient in other drink products and it takes water to process them. For example, it takes 1,500 gallons of water to make one barrel of beer.
Water drop bullet point One litre of petrol can contaminate approximately 750,000 litres of water.
Water drop bullet point A water molecule contains one oxygen and two hydrogen atoms. Water is a chemical compound with the chemical formula H2O.

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These normal household activities use the following amounts of water:

Bath 40 gallons
5-minute shower 10 gallons
5-minute power shower 20 gallons
Brushing teeth with tap running 2 gallons/min
Brushing teeth with tap off .25 gallon
One toilet flush 3 gallons
Other water use (drinking, cooking, etc.) 7 gallons
Washing machine 40 gallons
Dishwasher 10 gallons
Washing car with bucket 3 gallons
Hose/sprinkler 140 gallons/hour

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